Cullum: 28260 Class:   1969 Cadet Company: H1 (D1)     

Webmaster of the USMA 1969 Class Website, moderator of
the 4um with decorum, co-moderator of the Class Basic List, and co-administrator of Sallyport.  Go Army, Beat Navy!!

Note:  Click here for help in developing and publishing your own personal webpage.

The Cadet Prayer

“Make us to choose the harder right instead of the easier wrong….”

West Point is the “Key of America.”   ̶   George Washington
“Sentiments on a Peace Establishment,” 2 May 1783.

“Glory follows virtue as if it were its shadow.”   ̶   Cicero
“Tusculanarum Disputationum
,” I. 45, ~ 45 BC

“Where the Hudson takes a hard right, West Point teaches the Harder Right.”̶William J. Bahr, © 2014

After the Hudson’s hard left, what happens next, “right” at Trophy Point?

̶  WJB © 2016

Observed from the land, not the river (or air).   I’m an Army guy, not Navy (or Air Force).   Intuitively keeping my feet on the ground, any water and I’ll be casually observed crossing the bridge rapidly.  CU@ Trophy Point!    : ) 

“It’s Hard getting through West Point, and it takes going Right!”  William J. Bahr, © 2015

“Getting through West Point is Hard  ̶  getting out takes going Right!”  William J. Bahr, © 2015

“Getting into West Point is Hard  ̶  getting out takes going Right!”  William J. Bahr, © 2015

“Getting to West Point is Hard  ̶  getting out takes going Right!”  William J. Bahr, © 2015

“Getting to West Point is Hard  ̶  getting through takes going Right!”  William J. Bahr, © 2015

“West Point graduates always take the HARD RIGHT!”  Mark O. Dillon, © 2015

From Washington to Palmer: ‘The Story of Leaders of Character‘”   Alternate View
(“How West Point keeps pointing to its Purpose” —David Vaught)


BTW, just a reminder that French Charleville .69 caliber muskets were first presented to George Washington by Lafayette (quantity said to be 25,000).  The US later commissioned the 1795 Springfield musket based upon the Charleville design.  The Springfields are the crossed muskets which have become the US Infantry insignia.  If you see your friendly classmate (wp28260) at a class event and would like a .69 caliber musket ball as a reminder of the BOTL, just ask.  With some luck, he may have one for you.  One per classmate, please!  

Email on 1 July 2013:  Having just finished reading Guelzo’s excellent “Gettysburg: The Last Invasion,” I’d like to share some interesting information about an interestingly named regiment:  The 69th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry Regiment.  Part of the famed Philadelphia Brigade, it was virtually the dead-center target of Pickett’s Day 3 charge to the Union’s center on Cemetery Ridge.  Seems the 69ers were using 69 caliber smoothbore muskets (probably Springfields) with buck and ball, harkening back to the Revolutionary War days.  Indeed, their Colonel Dennis O’Kane was heard to yell in his best Bunker Hill tones: “Hold your fire until you see the whites of their eyes.” Here’s more interesting information about the 69th:   [Note:  the 69th PA was recruited from Irish militia but not a part of the Irish Brigade, which was from New York.  4WIW, the Irish Brigade also used 69 caliber muskets (with buck and ball) and fought in Gettysburg’s Wheat Field.  Also, 4WIW, George Washington was a prominent proponent of buck and ball, which combined the devastating impact of the full-size ball “with the spreading pattern of a shotgun, and served to greatly improve the hit probability of the smoothbore musket used in combat, especially at closer ranges, where the buckshot would retain significant energy, and against closely packed troops where the spread of the buckshot would be advantageous.”  Also, 4WIW, the Civil War’s rifled Minie balls were generally twice as accurate as round balls.]  

And this: “I have not selected to study the 69th [PA] because I seek to champion their actions or to make a case that their courage alone turned the tide of battle.”

And right behind the 69th PA’s line at the wall, the Copse of Trees, “the High Water Mark of the Confederacy”:

Note:  Midmorning on 2 July 1865, the Union had in place 6 of its 7 corps, constituting 69,000 men.  8:20 @

Happy 150th! ’69, wherever on the Line, always the “Best of the Line”!!


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Best Regards TThe Best OThe Line = BRTTBOTL

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Orange Juice, the official drink of the Signal Corps?asks WJB, 9/4/2014

With thanks to the Photographers of West Point and the 1955 West Point Band.

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Copyright W. Bahr,  2017


For the strongly curious and/or curiously strong  : )


1969 = 11 x 179.

1969 is a composite number not ending in zero that yields a prime number when turned upside down:  6961 is prime.

1969 is the only known counterexample to a conjecture about modular Ackermann functions.

Now useful in computer science, the Ackermann function was first studied by David Hilbert and Wilhelm Ackermann about 90 years ago.
It grows faster than an exponential function or even a multiple exponential function.

The Ackermann function A(x, y) is defined for integer x and y in the following way:
A(x, y) is y + 1 if x = 0; A(x – 1, 1) if y = 0; A(x – 1), A(x, y – 1) otherwise.

We can also restrict the range of the Ackermann function to a finite set, defining the mod-n Ackermann function.
For a given n, the numbers initially bounce around wildly as x increases, but nearly always stabilize to a certain value or an alternating pair of values.

According to Jerrold W. Grossman of Oakland University, the only value of n less than 4,000,000 for which the standard mod-n Ackermann function
does not stabilize is n = 1969. Why this is so remains a mystery.

Source: Jon Froemke and Jerrold W. Grossman. 1993. A mod-n Ackermann function, or what’s so special about 1969?
American Mathematical Monthly 100(February):180-183.

Neil Armstrong was the first man to step onto the moon — July 20, 1969.  DHL was founded in 1969.  Michael Jordan’s career-high game score was 69 points.

Strategy Pure and Simple: 
Essential Moves for Winning in Competition and Cooperation……………………………………